The Pentagon is hiring an ethicist

The Pentagon. (Wikimedia)

The Pentagon is looking for an ethicist to help navigate AI's complicated moral questions.

The ethicist will work in the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC), and focus on disaster relief and wildfire response, according to a press release. In theory, the job will also cover more morally troubling areas, including military action.

JAIC director Lt General Jack Shanahan is quoted describing the position:

We are going to bring in someone who will have a deep background in ethics, and then the lawyers within the department will be looking at how we actually bake this into the Department of Defense.

Shanahan previously led Project Maven, another Pentagon AI program.

In an August 30 meeting with reporters, Shanahan described his vision for his department's AI research:

This is less about any individual technology than it is about how we design, experiment with and deploy A.I.-enabled operating concepts to gain competitive advantage, from the tactical edge to the strategic level. In some cases, perhaps only gaining a fleeting upper hand, a temporal advantage. In others, achieving a sustained strategic advantage against a peer competitor.

He also suggested that the US's geopolitical rivals don't share his team's ethical concerns:

At its core, we are in a contest for the character of the international order in the digital age. Along with our allies and partners, we want to lead and ensure that that character reflects the values and interests of free and democratic societies. I do not see China or Russia placing the same kind of emphasis in these areas.


The Militarization of AI

October 29th

In 2001 -- years before Tesla, autonomous taxis and the current AI development race -- Congress mandated that one-third of all military ground vehicles should be unmanned by 2015. That deadline has come and gone, but it shows: the days of the military having technology ahead of the private sector may be over, but the ambition is still there.

While it may or may not lead to terminator-like robots, AI-enabled technologies like image recognition, predictive modelling, and computer vision will almost certainly be used in a wide range of military operations and tasks.

Many technologies originally developed for consumer facing products may find their way to militaries, according to Wired:

Algorithms good at searching holiday photos can be repurposed to scour spy satellite imagery, for example, while the control software needed for an autonomous minivan is much like that required for a driverless tank. Many recent advances in developing and deploying artificial intelligence emerged from research from companies such as Google.

And while large tech firms and other leading AI development groups take varied approaches to the ethics of their work -- how to care for user privacy and safety on their platforms, for example -- defence ministries and governments around the world are developing their own unique rules for how to use AI.

In the US, tech companies have become increasingly unwilling to work with the US military. Google, for example, pulled out of a drone project (called Project Maven) with the department of defense after employees petitioned against the waponization of AI. It also chose not to bid on JEDI, a $10 billion Pentagon cloud computing contract, saying that "we couldn't be assured that it would align with our AI principles."

In China, large tech firms are more willing to work on military projects, though the link between its private sector and the military is not clear. Huawei, it was discovered, has worked with the People's Liberation Army on at least 10 research projects, some involving the use of AI to analyze satellite imagery.

However, the explosion in AI research and development in China hasn't translated to the military, at least not yet. From the Council on Foreign Relations:

Many observers assume that because Chinese state-capitalism blurs the lines between state and private, those lines are in effect frictionless. In reality, the opposite is true. The eleven large state-owned enterprises that comprise China’s defense industrial base, many of which until the late 1990s were Maoist-era relics, have largely cordoned themselves off from the actual economy. Although the Chinese Communist Party has established internal Party committees in large technology enterprises like Baidu and Tencent to promote Party loyalty, that linkage has not necessarily allowed China to easily translate its booming tech sector into military might.